First-aid training through Medical Simulation Technology: the case of Small-Scale Fishers

Oswaldo Huchim-Lara, Gregorio Cetina-Sauri, Nina Méndez-Domínguez, Herberth Puga-Matú, Walter Chin, Joeana Cambranis, Alberto Alvarez-Baeza

Abstract


Introduction. Safety and health conditions in small-scale fisheries are precarious notwithstanding are an important source of income and food for millions of people. First-aid training is vital for small-scale fishers’ because the high frequency of fatal and non-fatal injuries during fishing seasons, however, training it is extremely uncommon. Objective. The aim of this study was to implement and to evaluate a first-aid training course tailored for fishers’ using High Fidelity Medical Simulation Technology (HDMST). Methods: First-aid capacities strategy for CPR, choking and recovering position using HDMST were built for 32 small-scale fishers from the Yucatan coast. Fishers’ knowledge was evaluated before and after the training with rubrics and checklists along the maneuvers. Results: Participants’ age was 38 (±10) years old and the maximum educational level was equivalent to a college education. All fishers learned to recognize and react adequately in emergency situations and also to provide effective initial first-aid (individual maneuver efficacy ranged 89-99%). However, elderly and lower educational level influenced the achievements of training goals. Conclusion: The implementation and evaluation of first-aid training course based on HFMST was a well-accepted and effective strategy that increased knowledge and competences for proving first-aid life support among fisher divers from Yucatan, Mexico



DOI: https://doi.org/10.11634/233028791503932

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International Journal of Community Development, ISSN 2330-2879/ eISSN 2330-2887

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