Determinants of Adoption of Improved Stove Technology in Endirta district, Tigiray Regional State, Ethiopia

Warkaw Legesse Abate

Abstract


The study was developed with the aim of to understand the determinants of adoption of improved stove in rural household energy consumption. Survey was a method of data collection using appropriate instruments such as structured questionnaire based interview technique. The survey was covered a random sample of 120 household heads selected from three rural villages. Probit model and t-test was used to analyze determinants of adoption of improved stove technology using STATA software. Biomass source of energy are found the main source of energy used for cooking food and baking injera (Ethiopian bread) in the study area. The consequence of uses of biomass energy sources lead forest degradation, deforestation, and lands degradation all severe environmental problems. Farm size, awareness about improved stove, proximity household to the health extension center were positive effect on the adoption of improved stove decision of households at statistically significance level of 1%.  In addition, livestock ownership, households access to credit services, educational status of household head also positively statistically significant to adopt improved stove. However, age of household head, sex of household head, economic characteristics of households (occupation and per capita expenditure) were not significant relationship with adoption. To enhance adoption of improved stove it was recommended that: all stakeholders (government and development partners) should plan different strategies to its use through demonstrations, posters, and a radio/TV advertisement is vital.


Keywords


Household, energy, improved stove, adoption, biomass

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.11634/233028791503741

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International Journal of Community Development, ISSN 2330-2879/ eISSN 2330-2887

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