Assessing the Use and Determinants of Households’ Adoption of Improved Cook Stove in Nigeria: Empirical Evidence from Enugu State.

Apeh Christian Chikamso, Onyekuru Anthony Nwajesus


The study evaluated the use and determinants of households’ adoption of biomass improved cook stove in Nigeria. Enugu was chosen for the study. Structured questionnaire were used to collect the required data. Using a multi stage sampling techniques, a total of 160 households were selected. Findings reveal that majority (23.12%) of the  household heads were within the age range of 31-40 years, 68.10% were married and 56.90% were female, while 86% attended school, 61% had other occupations other than farming, 59% had 0-10 years farming experience and 85% had monthly income of between N1000 to N50,000. About 68% of the households use one form of locally fabricated improved cook stove or the other. The different kinds of improved cook stove used are iron bucket stove (33.03%), saw dust stove (39.45%), U shaped mud stove (17.43%), jiko and mirt stove (10.09%). The study found age, gender, educational level, household size and income to be statistically significant as determinants of adoption of ICS. Some of the problems inhibiting the adoption of modern improved cook stove are lack of availability, lack of awareness and high cost. We recommend that stoves should be made available and affordable.


Improved cook stove; Fuelwood; Adoption; Biomass; Household; Health.



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American Journal of Human Ecology

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