Biophysical, Socio-Economic, and Institutional Constraints for Production and Flow of Cereals in Ethiopia

Gemechu Shale Ogato


This article an outcome of a study on “Biophysical, Socio-Economic, and Institutional Constraints for Production and Flow of Cereals in Ethiopia.”  The findings of the study were based on literature review and secondary data and information collected from different sources. The general objective of the study is to assess the biophysical, socio-economic, and institutional constraints for production and flow of cereals in Ethiopia. The study concludes that there is strong conceptual linkage between ecosystem-based adaptation to climate change and food security in Ethiopia; there is interplay among bio-physical, socio-economic, and institutional constraints for production and flow of cereals in Ethiopia; there are strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats of the current Ethiopian agricultural development policy and strategies in addressing the constraints for production and flow of cereals; there are increasing trends of major cereals’ mean annual production in Ethiopia; and  the food security situation of Addis Ababa  is  very much affected by increase of mean annual prices of major cereals in Addis Ababa grain market.  Hence, addressing the identified biophysical, socio-economic, and institutional constraints for production and flow of cereals is of paramount importance for sustainable production and flow of cereals and insuring food security in Ethiopia.


Cereals, ecosystem-based adaptation, Ethiopia, food Security, price, sustainable production


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