Mobile Phone Deception in Nigeria: Deceivers’ Skills, Truth Bias or Respondents’ Greed?

Ayobami Ojebode

Abstract


The use of mobile phones to deceive and defraud in Nigeria has received widespread comments and complaints but not empirical investigations. Guided by Buller and Burgoon’s interpersonal deception theory, this article examined the strategies employed by deceivers, the dimension of lies told and why mobile phone deception works among Nigerians. This it did through interviews with victims and near-victims of deception, focus group discussions with users, and participant observation. Mobile phone deception falls into two broad categories: impression-related deception and deception for monetary fraud. The strategies employed by mobile phone deceivers are the same as those employed in face-to-face deception. Mobile phone deception in Nigeria succeeds widely not so much as a result of poverty, greed or truth bias. The success of mobile phone deception is largely the result of deceivers’ skills, the overall mobile phone environment in Nigeria and certain socio-cultural characteristics of Nigerians. Studies of mobile telephony should be driven by perspectives that take socio-cultural milieu into consideration.


Keywords


deception strategies; developing world; GSM fraud; mobile phone; Nigeria; phone fraud

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American Journal of Human Ecology

ISSN 2167-9622 Print/ ISSN 2167-9630 Online / Copyright © 2012-2017 World Scholars, LLC, USA